Inbred family whitaker

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Most of the time, this happens between the first cousi.

Get ready to be amazed by Mark Laita's incredible story of the Whittaker family, a group of people who have been inbred for generations. In this short video,...THE horrifying secrets of the "most famous inbred family who speak in grunts and live in squalor" in a town called Odd are being revealed. The Whittaker family is well-known for their oddities. Now, filmmaker Mark Laita is sharing more about the inner workings of the family. 3.The practice of inbreeding within the Whitaker family is believed to have its origins in the early 1800s when the first couple of the family married. Since then, marriages between siblings, cousins and other close relatives have become more common as generations passed. This practice has likely been perpetuated by the small, isolated nature of ...Soft White Underbelly interview and portrait of Jason Whittaker, cousin of the Whittaker family in Odd, West Virginia.Here's a link to a GoFundMe campaign to...Meet the Whittakers, the family who's been dubbed as America's most inbred family. But despite their unique situation, this family teaches us that no... The ugly truth of inbreeding | Meet the Whittakers, the family who's been dubbed as America's most inbred family.Soft White Underbelly video and portraits of The Whittakers, an inbred family from Odd, West Virginia. Here's a link to a GoFundMe campaign to help the Whittaker family purchase their neighbor's house (if they decide to sell) or make improvements to their existing home: https://gofund.me/60718e85. Share with friends. Watch anywhere, anytime.Mark Laita again visited the Whitaker family in 2020 to record a video that depicts the horrors of inbreeding which gained more dislikes than likes but became viral with more than 25 million views. The members of the Whittaker family, Lorraine, Ray, and Timmy suffer from an undiagnosed mental condition, especially Ray, who just grunts, they ...The Whitaker family is British by descent and lives in lives in extremely unkempt conditions. The individuals initially included Ray, Lorraine, Timmy (only cousin), Freddie and an unnamed sister. However, Freddie died of a heart attack a long time ago. You can somewhere relate this story to the Colt Clan incest case wherein Clan assaulted …Soft White Underbelly update interview of the Whittaker family of Odd, West Virginia. Links to other videos with the Whittakers can be found at the end of th...L arry Whittaker, a member of America's most inbred family, has died aged 67. The Whittakers are one of the most well-known families in America due to their complicated history with inbreeding.Jan 17, 2023 · Published: Invalid Date, THE complicated lineage of a family dubbed the most inbred in America has been revealed after a filmmaker documented their lives. Mark Laita first stayed with the Whittaker family in 2004, but after reuniting with them in 2020, details about their lineage became clearer. 5. While early reports of the family stated the ...Vacations are a great time to start some family traditions. Check out 5 family vacation traditions at HowStuffWorks. Advertisement Family vacations -- and the traditions they encou...To be clear about my interaction with the family, I brought them pizzas and soft drinks and paid them nicely, which goes a long way in southwestern West Virginia where the average yearly income is as low …Kalau korang suka video aku, jangan lupa subscribe and like tau.NOTE:Bahan-bahan yang digunakan dalam video di atas bukanlah hak milik #neynastory seperti mu...the whitaker inbred familyA psychologist's guide to dealing with conflict over the holidays. It’s the holiday season, time for family gatherings, happiness, and good cheer. It’s also the time for your smili...He has described the inbred family as like something out of the 1972 thriller, Deliverance. In April last year he revisited the Whittaker family, who he first met in 2004 and filmed in 2020, and ...The Whittakers are an incredibly impoverished inbred family living in Odd, West Virginia whom Laita has documented in several videos. The family was the benefactor of a fundraising campaign set up by the Soft White Underbelly YouTube channel which has recently come under fire. Soft White Underbelly Called Out For Whittaker Family Videos.OFTEN referred to as the "most inbred family in America", the Whittakers of West Virginia's latest adventure involved a brand new look - and their reactions are priceless. W…America's most inbred family, the Whittakers, ... (1872-1959) was written as J.T Whitaker. The headstones of Freddy Whittaker (1944-2013) and Barbara Whittaker (1940-2000) were also shown, with ...The family comprises Lorraine, Ray, Timmy, the only cousin, Freddie, and an unidentified sister. The Whitaker family became famous after Mark Laita photographed them for his 2004 book Created Equally and their fame grew after he returned to them in 2020 to record a video of them. The Whitaker Family is considered the most infamous inbred family ...The inbred family has been featured in a series of videos by filmmaker Mark Laita from Soft White Underbelly. Laita's first video of the family was released in 2020 and has been viewed on YouTube more than 28million times. ... "There is no way I would be able to confirm that the Whitaker parents were related, ...The oldest male member of "America's most inbred family" is not dead despite rumors, Knewz.com has learned. A friend of the family, Lauren, posted on her You..."Keluarga itu tinggal di rumah jompo tidak terawat, membuat video merasa menyedihkan," tulis Kate Marina kepada The Netline dalam artikel The Whitaker family inbred story: Inbreeding may have caused the family’s health defects, terbitan 5 Januari 2022. Tidak mungkin jika anggota keluarga Whitaker bekerja.This Gender-Neutral Adult T-shirts item is sold by JCJenney. Ships from United States. Listed on Feb 28, 2024The Fugate family of Kentucky once lived in the isolated community of Troublesome Creek. They were like any other 1800s family… except they liked inbreeding. Oh, and they had blue skin. Yep, that's right. Blue skin. The condition is called methemoglobinemia, which is a disorder that reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood and body tissues ...Inbreeding. Common fruit fly females prefer to mate with their own brothers over unrelated males. [1] Inbreeding is the production of offspring from the mating or breeding of individuals or organisms that are closely related genetically. [2] By analogy, the term is used in human reproduction, but more commonly refers to the genetic disorders ...Two grandsons of identical twin brothers who started America's most inbred family have both previously been jailed for sexual offenses against children, DailyMail.com can reveal. John Wade ...The Whittakers, one of America's inbred families, who have been protected by gun-toting neighbors, reside in the village of Odd, in Raleigh County. BY ANJANA PV. UPDATED …Mar 21, 2024 · Larry Whittaker, a member of America's renowned inbred family, has passed away at the age of 67. The Whittakers have gained notoriety for their intricate connection with inbreeding, a history that has led to tragic genetic abnormalities. Amongst some members of this West Virginian family, communication is reduced to grunts and barks rather than ...Albert married his cousin..... Guess everything really is relative to that guy. 10.4% or the world is married to a second or first cousin. That's 750 million people, making it not just unusual but actually really normal. The Whitaker's have other problems exacerbated by gene pool, lifestyle, environment and bad luck.INBRED FAMILY THE WHITAKERS FROM SOFT WHITE UNDERBELLY!SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEW CHANNEL⬇️⬇️ https://youtube.com/channel/UCpb7ygvRvjveopAZNIXvoeQTHANKYOU TO ALL ...Mark Laita again visited the Whitaker family in 2020 to record a video that depicts the horrors of inbreeding which gained more dislikes than likes but became viral with more than 25 million views. The members of the Whittaker family, Lorraine, Ray, and Timmy suffer from an undiagnosed mental condition, especially Ray, who just grunts, they ...Mr Laita first met the family at their home in the village of Odd in 2004, and later came back to film them in 2020. The family is made up of three siblings called Lorraine, Timmy and Ray, whose parents were first cousins. The genetic mix has caused serious health problems for the siblings. The Laita siblings live in rural West Virginia.The Whitakers are an inbred family, which means that they descend from a long line of closely related individuals. ... As a result, the Whitaker family has been plagued by tragedy, with birth defects, mental illness, and even death affecting members of the family. The incredible story of this family has been chronicled in the Wikipedia page ...For More Than a hundred years, one of America's richest and most powerful families kept a dark secret: inbreeding. In this video we examine that family and t...What led this American family to have such unique troubles?Nightfam, please visit our humanitarian store! https://honesty.global/For business enquiries pleas...The Whittakers family is an American inbred family from Odd, West Virginia. The Whittaker siblings are Lorrene, Ray, Betty, Larry, Kenneth, Timmy (their nephew), and Freddie (who died of a heart attack). Their parents were believed to be double cousins and not siblings, this is because they both shared sets of paternal grandparents.Here's a link to a GoFundMe campaign to help the Whittaker family purchase their neighbor's house (if they decide to sell) or make improvements to their existing home: https://gofund.me/60718e85. ... Inbred Family-The Whittakers (follow up) 24m 4 comments Soft White Underbelly follow up interview and portrait of the Whittaker family of Odd ...The term "inbred family whitaker" refers to the Whitaker family of West Virginia, which has been the subject of much study due to the high rate of inbreeding within the family. The Whitakers have been living in the same isolated area of West Virginia for over 200 years, and during that time, they have intermarried extensively.Larry Whittaker, who was part of America's most inbred family, has passed away at the age of 67. The Whittakers are famous in America because their family has a long history of inbreeding. This ...Shane and Melody discuss the truth about the Appalachian stereotype of inbreeding as out in the spotlight most recently by the Soft White Underbelly series. ...#SoftWhiteUnderbelly #TheWhitaker #whitakerfamily NEW BABY: from The most inbred family in America | Whittaker Family Now 2023 This channel may use some ...The family resides in Odd, West Virginia. West Virginia has a strong reputation for inbreeding practices that have been linked to the state's poverty. In the 1930s, newspapers featured rundown shacks and barefoot children, which created a poor impression. The state has strong anti-inc*st law, but it is still practised today.Soft White Underbelly interviews and portraits of the human condition by photographer, Mark Laita.Contact: [email protected] those interested i...The Whitaker Family from Odd, West Virginia.Thanks to Mark Laita for his work and art. @SoftWhiteUnderbelly The Whittakers-Spring 2022. Family Tree. Update.S...Share your videos with friends, family, and the worldHe characterized the inbred family as reminiscent of the characters from the 1972 thriller film, Deliverance. Last year, in April, he returned to meet with the Whittaker family whom he initially encountered in 2004 and filmed in 2020. All his experiences were shared on the channel. According to The Sun, the Whittaker household consists of three ...The Whittaker family is British by descent and initially included Ray, Lorraine, Timmy (only cousin), Freddie, and an unnamed sister. Sadly, Freddie died of a heart attack a long time ago. It is also believed that there are a few more individuals in the family who have not been addressed. CALL FAILED.A family dubbed 'the most inbred in America' has welcomed a new member into the world. The arrival of baby Braxton was announced in a new YouTube video that has been hailed as 'extremely touching'.Delve into the captivating narrative of the Whitaker family, a lineage steeped in rich history and unique ties. From its origins in the 19th century to the present day, this family's story is a tapestry of inbred connections. Join us as we journey through generations, exploring the genetic intricacies, controversies,…Larry Whittaker, who was part of America's most inbred family, has passed away at the age of 67. The Whittakers are famous in America because their family has a long history of inbreeding. This ...the video is a interview done by @soft white underbelly.. why do people think it is okay to have sex with a family member and have children with them? to m...Story by Paige Freshwater. • 2mo • 3 min read. Larry Whittaker, a member of America's most inbred family, has died aged 67. The Whittakers are one of the most well-known families in America...Dalam video berjudul Inbred Family - The Whitakers, menunjukkan keluarga dengan anggota generasi tua yang tinggal di sebuah kota kecil. Dikutip dari laman The Sun, video itu menyoroti bagaimana …Larry Whittaker, a member of America’s most inbred family, has tragically passed away at the age of 67. The Whittakers are a well-known family in America, with a complicated history of inbreeding that has led to devastating genetic defects.Using an extensive family tree spanning 20-plus generations, the scientists determined that the average inbreeding coefficient of the Habsburgs they analyzed was .093.I became curious after seeing clips of the Whittakers of Odd West Virginia popping up online. In the next few days, I watched all of Mark Laita's videos on t...Today, Betty, who was born in 1952, has become the head of the family after promising her mother she would not marry so she could look after her 14 siblings. Documenting their lives out in Odd, a filmmaker was invited into their house and spoke to the family about their day-to-day lives as well as their heritage.Unhealthy behaviors, like emotional neglect and abuse, may cause you to feel disconnected from your family. But you're not alone. Help is available. Unhealthy behaviors, like misco...John Wade Whittaker Jr, was charged with 'indecent liberties' against a 13- to 17-year-old child Credit: West Virginia State Police. The twins' children, who were double-first cousins, married and had 15 of their own children, now dubbed the Whittaker C lan.. Henry Whittaker had a son, John Whittaker, and his twin brother by the same name had a daughter called Gracie, and the pair married in 1935.Headed to Florence with your family? Here are some points hotels with rooms that accommodate four people. Update: Some offers mentioned below are no longer available. View the curr...Here's what The Whittakers are up to now... Here's a link to a GoFundMe campaign to help the Whittaker family with living expenses and home...The Current Whittaker Family Members. The most recent family members are products of twin brothers Henry and John's kids (John and Gracie) who got married and had 15 children together. So ...America's most inbred family, the Whittakers, ... (1872-1959) was written as J.T Whitaker. The headstones of Freddy Whittaker (1944-2013) and Barbara Whittaker (1940-2000) were also shown, with ...'Deliverance' inbred family death sees eBay bidding war for late Larry's autograph; Read More Related Articles. Larry Whittaker from America's most inbred 'real life Deliverance' family dies aged 67; Problems arose in the infamous Whittaker family when the offspring of two identical twins - first cousins Gracie and John - got married …Here's a link to a GoFundMe campaign to help the Whittaker family purchase their neighbor's house (if they decide to sell) or make improvements to their existing home: https://gofund.me/60718e85. ... Inbred Family-The Whittakers (follow up) 24m 4 comments Soft White Underbelly follow up interview and portrait of the Whittaker family of Odd ...John Wade Whittaker Jr, was charged with 'indecent liberties' against a 13- to 17-year-old child Credit: West Virginia State Police. The twins' children, who were double-first cousins, married and had 15 of their own children, now dubbed the Whittaker C lan.. Henry Whittaker had a son, John Whittaker, and his twin brother by the same name had a daughter called Gracie, and the pair married in 1935.True Stories. Meet the Whittakers: Inside America’s ‘most inbred family’ that speaks in grunts. A photographer is documenting the lives of “America’s most inbred family”, who …Back with another family tree! This time I managed to piece together The Whittakers family tree to see where they came from and who the rest of their family ...Two grandsons of identical twin brothers who started America's most inbred family have both previously been jailed for sexual offenses against children, DailyMail.com can reveal. John Wade ...Living in the village of Odd, 75 miles from Charleston, Whittaker's inbreeding started with a set of identical twin brothers, Henry and John, whose children got married and went on to have their ...Inbred Family- The Whitakers. youtube. comments sorted by Best Top New Controversial Q&A Add a Comment pmitchell86 • Additional comment actions. Well West Virginia seems very progressive ...Mark Laita revisited the Whitaker family in 2020 to record a video showing the horrors of inbreeding, which garnered more dislikes than likes, but went viral with over 25 million views. The Whittaker family members, Lorraine, Ray and Timmy, suffer from undiagnosed mental illness, particularly Ray, who only grunts, they live in extremely poor ...Get ready to be amazed by Mark Laita's incredible story of the Whittaker family, a group of people who have been inbred for generations. In this short video,...SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: Mark Laita, the director of 'Inbred Family: The Whittakers' opened up about his experience of interacting with the Whittakers family. He claims it to be one of the "craziest thing I'd ever seen." Laita explained how the Inbred family would bark at people, communicate through grunts, and would often run away when people tried to speak to them.Inbred Family-The Whitakers; Results 1 to 9 of 9 Thread: Inbred Family-The Whitakers. Thread Tools. Show Printable Version; 09-09-2020, 03:57 PM #1.THE complicated lineage of a family dubbed the most inbred in America has been revealed after a filmmaker documented their lives. Mark Laita first stayed with the Whittaker family in 2004, but after reuniting with them in 2020, details about their lineage became clearer.The Whitaker family is probably the most popular inbred family in the United States of America. They live in Odd, West Virginia where they live a pretty secluded life in a shack. …All families experience stress. Learning how to cope with it is key for your children's well-being. Learn more about signs of stress and coping methods. Families can experience str...Dalam video berjudul Inbred Family - The Whitakers, menunjukkan keluarga dengan anggota generasi tua yang tinggal di sebuah kota kecil. Dikutip dari laman The Sun, video itu menyoroti bagaimana keluarga Whitaker berjuang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan di rumah kecil mereka.. Keluarga Whitaker adalah keturunan Inggris dan awalnya termasuk Ray, Lorraine, Timmy (hanya sepupu), Freddie dan seorang ...THE dark journey of the so-called "most inbred family" who lives in a town called Odd has been revealed after a curious filmmaker worked to discover the truth behind their Appalachian mystery. The Whitakers , an allegedly inbred family who lives in a run-down shack in West Virginia , went viral after longtime friend and photographer Mark Laita ...SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA: America has its most popular inbred family in West Virginia known as The Whittakers. Filmmaker Mark Laita has created a new 12-minute short film titled 'Inbred Family-The Whittakers' and launched the same on his YouTube channel called 'Soft White Underbelly'. Laita explained how the family would bark at people ... Family fights can have a big impact on kids as they develop. Learn 5 things to know

Larry Whittaker, who was part of America's most inbred family, has passed away at the age of 67. The Whittakers are famous in America because their family has a long history of inbreeding. This ...A third Soft White Underbelly video with the Whittaker family of Odd, West Virginia.Here's a link to a playlist of all Whittaker family videos: https://youtu...Mark Laita found the Whitaker family in Odd (yes, that's the town name), West Virginia in 2004. He returned to the town south of Charleston and prepared a 12-minute film about the family during a visit in 2020. Critics say Laita promotes every bad Appalachian stereotype.THE horrifying secrets of the "most famous inbred family who speak in grunts and live in squalor" in a town called Odd are being revealed. The Whittaker family is well-known for their oddities. Now, filmmaker Mark Laita is sharing more about the inner workings of the family. 3.The most famous inbred family. #basicautumnweenqueen #thewhittakers #virginia #whittakersInbred Family-The Whitakers Of West Virginia video will take you on an emotional roller coaster. I promise you!#subscribeThank You For 300K Subs TMG Fam!!Now...The Insider Trading Activity of Whitaker Michael on Markets Insider. Indices Commodities Currencies StocksHere's what The Whittakers are up to now... Here's a link to a GoFundMe campaign to help the Whittaker family with living expenses and home...Inbred Family Know The Whitaker Family inbred story. In the well-to-do suburban setting of Sugar Land, Texas, the Whitakers presented the picture of a perfect family. Furthermore, none of the family members had been educated except for Timmy who graduated from Woodrow Wilson High School.Photographer Mark Laita has gone viral after documenting the lives of the Whittakers, a heavily inbred West Virginia family that only communicates in grunts and barks at passersby.In this video, we're going to take a look at the whittaker family. These are a family that are inbred and their story is one of the most fascinating and cont...The Whitaker family is the most famous family in the United States because of their secrecy of making their own family tree through inbreeding. The Whitaker family is being safeguarded by their armed neighbors, the Raleigh County deputies, and Mark Latia himself has personally issued a warning to the public to keep away from them. He said, 'I ...Jul 24, 2021 · Soft White Underbelly follow up interview and portrait of the Whittaker family of Odd, West Virginia.Here's a link to a playlist of all Whittaker family vide...Photographer Mark Laita has gone viral after documenting the lives of the Whittakers, a heavily inbred West Virginia family that only communicates in grunts and barks at passersby.A West Virginia family that has been deemed America's most inbred has welcomed a baby boy, whose grandmother proudly held him in a recent video by documentary filmmaker and photographer Mark Laita ...The Whitaker family, originating from the 19th-century marriage of William and Abigail Whitaker in 1819, has captured widespread interest due to its unique lineage and the notable physical and genetic traits observed across generations. Its roots are in rural West Virginia, where issues of inbreeding have significantly impacted its family history.Mark Laita first met the Whittaker family - who are widely regarded as America's most famous inbred family - after being granted access to their weird world. The family have little contact with ...The Whittakers, America's most inbred family can be traced back to the year 1819 and has seen 6 generations. Here's more about them.Inside America's most inbred family: Members of West Virginia's Whittakers family would BARK at people and only communicate through grunts while living in squalor overrun with animals The Whittakers were widely observed in 2021 when Mark Laita released a short 12-minute film of the family he once described reminded him of the thriller ...About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features NFL Sunday Ticket Press Copyright ...America's most inbred family, the Whittakers, ... (1872-1959) was written as J.T Whitaker. The headstones of Freddy Whittaker (1944-2013) and Barbara Whittaker (1940-2000) were also shown, with ...The Whittaker family, known as America's most inbred family, live in a small shack in the village of Odd, 75 miles from Charleston, West Virginia. Despite their complicated history with inbreeding ...Interest in the family skyrocketed in 2004 when a YouTube documentary shared by Mark Laita, which has now been viewed more than 40 million times, shared an insight into their day-to-day lives and family tree. In the documentary, one of the most well-known members, Timmy, was seen sitting on their porch alongside his mum and aunt.The family is bigger than these 4, and of varying degrees of disabled. The rest didn't want to be filmed. There's a video on this guy's channel where he takes them to Wal-Mart to go on a shopping spree and they randomly run into a couple more family members. The neighbors and local police also look out for them.The Whittaker family, known as America's most inbred family, live in a small shack in the village of Odd, 75 miles from Charleston, West Virginia. Despite their complicated history with inbreeding ...The family's unique dynamics and medical condition garnered attention - a condition characterized by non-verbal, level-three autism, resulting in distinctive physical, mental, and communication traits. Laita's observations also led him to speculate about the family's history of inbreeding, which might have contributed to their challenges.America's Most Popular Inbred Clan | Meet the Whitaker FamilyThe Whitaker family, known for their inbreeding practices, lives a secluded life in a shack in O...Delve into the captivating narrative of the Whitaker family, a lineage steeped in rich history and unique ties. From its origins in the 19th century to the present day, this family's story is a tapestry of inbred connections. Join us as we journey through generations, exploring the genetic intricacies, controversies,…08:31, 13 Jul 2023. Updated 11:11, 13 Jul 2023. |. Bookmark. A filmmaker has described America's most inbred family, the Whittakers, as "like a scene out of Deliverance". …The family comprises Lorraine, Ray, Timmy, the only cousin, Freddie, and an unidentified sister. The Whitaker family became famous after Mark Laita photographed them for his 2004 book Created Equally and their fame grew after he returned to them in 2020 to record a video of them. The Whitaker Family is considered the most infamous inbred family ...The Whittaker family is considered the most popular inbred family in the United States Credit: YouTube/ Soft White Underbelly Where does the Whitaker family live? The family resides in a town called Odd, located in rural West Virginia.. Neighbors are incredibly protective of the family and will chase away anyone who shows up looking to …Luis, 19 and Brandon, 21, from Odd, West Virginia, spoke about their experiences growing up as part of the Whittaker family, who have been dubbed the world's most inbredThe family lives in an isolated shack in rural West Virginia in the village of Odd, 75 miles south of Charleston. The photographer reunited with them in 2020 and documented the inbred family's life and history in a short 12-minute film on his YouTube channel, which has nearly 30 million views.THE horrifying secrets of the "most famous inbred family who speak in grunts and live in squalor" in a town called Odd are being revealed. The Whittaker family is well-known for their oddities. Now, filmmaker Mark Laita is sharing more about the inner workings of the family. 3.FAMILY TREE EXPLAINED. The family tree of this clan is hard to track and dates back to the 1800s as the inception of its inbreeding. Henry and John Whittaker were twins born to Thomas and Eliza Whittaker in 1887. Eliza's sister, Mary Perkins, married Samuel Riggs and they had one daughter, Ada Riggs.Inbred Family — The Whittakers (follow up) For those interested, the video description contains information on how to help the Whittakers. Reply replyA horrifying family tree where the parents of 14 children are related to one another as part of an incestuous cult has been revealed. The extreme lengths of the Colt families ' inbreeding were ...Apr 16, 2023 · How inbred are the Whittakers, America's most inbred family? In this video, you will learn about their history, their health problems, and their genetic calculations. Watch this shocking and ...What led this American family to have such unique troubles?Nightfam, please visit our humanitarian store! https://honesty.global/For business enquiries pleas...Start / Projekt / whitaker family inbred. ridge counting in fingerprint ppt. whitaker family inbred ...Lorene's son, Timmy, was born in 1979 as a result of sexual abuse from an unidentified man. Speaking about the family, a relative said: "They understand what you're talking about. If they don't ...Soft White Underbelly video and portraits of The Whitakers, an inbred family from Odd, West Virginia. The individuals in this video are brothers and...Get ready to be amazed by Mark Laita's incredible story of the Whittaker family, a group of people who have been inbred for generations. In this short video,... To be clear about my interaction with the family, I brought them pizzas and soft drinks and